FAQs

Questions and Answers

The fee is 150 per clinical hour.

Payment Third Party Reimbursement

My sessions are covered by most private insurance companies and extended health benefits. I have supervision with a Registered Ontario Psychologist. You can seek reimbursement from extended health either for a registered psychologist or registered social worker. Please make inquiries with your health insurance provider regarding the details of your coverage.   If billing as a client of a registered psychologist you accept that I will seek supervision and consultation with my supervising psychologist.  I will issue you a receipt at the time of payment and you submit this receipt directly to your insurance company for reimbursement.

Please note that sometimes your insurance company will require a physician’s referral.

Fees are based on a 60-minute counselling session. Please note that the session needs to include time for payment and for the scheduling of our next appointment.

Cancellation or Missed Appointment

Please provide 3 days notice of cancellation. Client will be billed for appointments missed without three days notice by email please.  This allows for a time slot to be filled alternately.  This includes first appointments please.

Can I Just see  you a Couple of Times?

Of course.  Counselling is goal directed, at the pace you are comfortable with, and directed in terms of duration of counselling.  If you, you and your spouse, or you and your child are looking for brief, or solution focussed appointments, Of course.

What is social work?pau at bridge apr 2014

Social work is a profession concerned with helping individuals, families, groups and communities to enhance their individual and collective well-being. It aims to help people develop their skills and their ability to use their own resources and those of the community to resolve problems. Social work is concerned with individual and personal problems but also with broader social issues such as poverty, unemployment and domestic violence.

According to the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice, the scope of practice of the profession of social work means the assessment, diagnosis, treatment and evaluation of individual, interpersonal and societal problems through the use of social work knowledge, skills, interventions and strategies, to assist individuals, dyads, families, groups, organizations and communities to achieve optimum psychosocial and social functioning

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What is EAP or employee assistance programs?

Employee Assistance Programs are workplace benefits for employees and their families to access to deal with work, family and life issues. These services may include:

  • Crisis Counselling
  • Eldercare Information
  • Financial Counselling
  • Legal Advisory Service
  • Parenting/Child Care Information
  • Psychological and Social Counselling

Check with your human resources officer for more information on what benefits your employer provides to you.

I am covered for initial brief therapy with a variety of EAP programs.

  • Ceridian Life Works Services,
  • PPC Interlock
  • Aspiria
  • Health Canada Employment Assistance Services,
  • Member Assistance Plan Canadian Armed Forces.

What is attachment theory?

Attachment is an emotional bond to another person. Psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings.” Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life. According to Bowlby, attachment also serves to keep the infant close to the mother, thus improving the child’s chances of survival.

Although Bowlby was primarily focused on understanding the nature of the infant-caregiver relationship, he believed that attachment characterized human experience from “the cradle to the grave.” Hazan and Shaver (1987) were two of the first researchers to explore Bowlby’s ideas in the context of romantic relationships. According to Hazan and Shaver, the emotional bond that develops between adult romantic partners is partly a function of the same motivational system–the attachment behavioural system–that gives rise to the emotional bond between infants and their caregivers. Hazan and Shaver noted that adult romantic partners share the following features with attachments between infants and caregivers:

  • both feel safe when the other is nearby and responsive
  • both engage in close, intimate, bodily contact
  • both feel insecure when the other is inaccessible
  • both share discoveries with one another
  • both play with one another’s facial features and exhibit a mutual fascination and preoccupation with one another
  • both engage in “baby talk”

On the basis of these parallels, Hazan and Shaver argued that adult romantic relationships, like infant-caregiver relationships, are attachments, and that romantic love is a property of the attachment behavioural system, as well as the motivational systems that give rise to caregiving and sexuality.

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What is cognitive behaviour therapy?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), a type of psychotherapy, can help many people struggling with mental health to deal more effectively with this problem. CBT is a therapy that focuses on the role of cognition (e.g., thoughts and beliefs) and behaviours (e.g., actions) in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders. This type of therapy focuses on the relationship between a person’s thoughts, behaviours, and feelings and the role that they play in a person’s symptoms, daily functioning and quality of life. By focusing on these three components, changes can be made in how a person thinks, acts and feels about his or her difficulties. The basic principle of CBT is that how a person thinks has a powerful effect on his or her emotions and behaviour. CBT is problem-focused and focused on the “here and now” rather than the past.

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What is dialectical behaviour therapy?

Originally developed in 1991 by Dr. Marsha Linehan, a professor of psychiatry and psychology at the University of Washington, Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a type of psychotherapy for individuals with self-harm behaviors, such as self-cutting, suicide thoughts, urges to suicide, and suicide attempts. Many clients with these behaviors meet criteria for a disorder called borderline personality (BPD). DBT offers radical validation and acceptance of a client’s situation, while challenging the client to modify behaviour and learn new coping skills. DBT is a form of cognitive behavioural therapy. , meaning it is a therapy that focuses on the role of cognition (e.g., thoughts and beliefs) and behaviours (e.g., actions) in the development and the treatment of BPD.


What is emotion focus therapy (EFT)?

    EFT is a short term (8-20 sessions), structured approach to couples therapy. The goal of EFT is
    • To expand and re-organize key emotional responses – the music of the attachment dance.
    • To create a shift in partners’ positions and initiate new cycles of interaction.
    • To foster the creation of a secure bond between partner

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What do I do if I have concerns about your services?

As a member of Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers, you can make a complaint with the College. Please see the section on How to make a complaint